Habitats are the living places of each animal species. As humans, we try to adapt to varying weather conditions; we put on a coat during cold weather, and put on light clothes when we get hot. Likewise, animals also need to adapt to their habitats if they’re going to have any chance of survival.
Animals have natural ways to keep their body temperature optimal depending on the habitats they’re in. Animals also have ways to protect themselves from predators. The process of possessing a series of methods that help them survive and thrive in their habitats is called adaptation. So, what should you know about how animals in their habitats adapt? We discuss some of the adaptation techniques according to different habitats.
Adaptation To The Desert
The main challenge in deserts is to conserve water. Hence, animals who have deserts as their habitats tend to find means to get enough water supply. The dromedary camel drinks up to 30 gallons of water in 10 minutes. Fennec foxes possess special kinds of kidneys that help them conserve water effectively. Jack rabbits only consume plants that retain a lot of water, so they don’t have to find any other source of water.
There are also other adaptations for survival in the desert. To have an energy reserve, the dromedary camel stores fat in its hump. It can keep its nostrils open or close to keep sand out when there’s an aggressive desert windstorm. Generally, camels also battle sand with their long eyelashes. Fennec foxes spread their long ears to keep cool, with the thick fur below their feet protecting them while walking on the hot desert sand.
Adaptation To The Grasslands
Sometimes, water becomes scarce in the grasslands. Hence, animals occupying this habitat need to adapt to the condition. Giraffes can make do with water from leaves they consume, and hence go weeks without needing to drink water. Their long necks also give them vision of their surroundings, so they can effectively avoid predators.
Meerkats prevent sun glare and aid their visions with the help of the dark rings around their eyes. They live in underground tunnels to mostly escape predators. They live in colonies for effective division of labor, and ultimately survival.
Lions’ sandy-colored furs help them blend in the grassland, and also aid their hunting. During the day, lions sleep to keep cool, while during the nights, they mostly hunt.
Habitats are the spaces in the ecosystem where animals occupy. Whether it be the desert, grassland, woodland, or marine, animals need to adapt to their respective habitats to survive. Each species has different adaptation methods. We discuss what you should know about how animal in their habitats adapt.