Renewable energy is an alternative to fossil fuels and nuclear power which can be used to generate electricity. Examples of this include wind turbines, solar panels, geothermal power, biomass, etc. These types of renewable energy are expected to grow in the future because they will provide power without using coal or other fossil fuels. This will help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and combat climate change.
Renewables are not just limited to electricity production, they can also be used for heating and cooling buildings, powering cars, and even desalination of water. Renewables are growing in popularity all over the world as people become more aware of the benefits they offer. In many countries, renewable energy is already cheap enough to compete against fossil fuels, with many studies finding it will be cheaper than fossil fuels in a few years.
Renewable energy power generation worldwide
The chart below shows how much of each country’s total electricity production comes from renewables, as well as the percentage growth in renewable power generation between 2011 and 2015. To see all countries please open the image in a new tab. The first three countries are China, the USA, and Germany.
It can be seen that China is the world leader in renewables, with almost half of its total electricity production coming from renewables. The USA and Germany follow with around a quarter of their electricity production coming from renewables. Renewable power generation has grown significantly in all three countries between 2011 and 2015.
In Europe, Denmark is the leader in renewable power generation, with almost three-quarters of their power generation coming from renewables. They are followed by Sweden, Finland, and Austria. The UK generates the least amount of electricity from renewables in Europe, although it has seen a large growth in renewable production between 2011 to 2015.
In the Middle East, Saudi Arabia is the leader in renewable power generation, with almost all of its electricity coming from renewables. They are followed by the United Arab Emirates and Jordan.
In Africa, South Africa is the leader in renewable power generation, with around two thirds of their electricity coming from renewables. They are followed by Morocco and Kenya.
Renewables as a percentage of total power generation
The table below shows the percentage of renewables as a percentage of total power generation in different countries around the world.
Country % of renewables as a % of total power generation China 49% USA 25% Germany 29% Denmark 43% Sweden 39% Finland 38% Austria 36% UK 11% Saudi Arabia 100% United Arab Emirates 100% Jordan 100% South Africa 65% Morocco 57% Kenya 50%
As can be seen, renewables make up a significant percentage of total power generation in some countries, while in others they are still a relatively small percentage. China is the country with the highest percentage of renewables as a percentage of total power generation, followed by Denmark and Sweden.