Biodiversity refers to the variety of living creatures found on the planet including humans, animals, birds, microorganisms. It is responsible for preserving the ecological balance and thus is crucial for the well-being of mankind. The loss of biodiversity, on the other hand, can affect the life of its species. Hence, it is vital for every single region on the Earth to conserve its biodiversity. This article presents the list of countries that are contributing to a more diverse eco-system. Have a look at the names:
Brazil stands out when it comes to a more diverse eco-system. Be it its Amazon rainforest or the reef environments that stretch over 3,000 km to the north-east coast, Brazil is the biodiversity champion in every way. Also, its biodiversity continues to expand every year, with hundreds of new species coming up. Overall, the country ranks #1 in plant species count and #2 in amphibians as well as mammals.
Colombia: A More Diverse Eco-System
Colombia is another country that contributes hugely to a more diverse eco-system. With over 56,000 species as of 2016, it is known for its maximum bird count. Its forest regions like Choco, islands like San Martin, and Los Llanos grasslands are the reasons behind its diverse eco-system.
Holding the reputation of the planet’s richest biodiverse countries, Indonesia contains about 17,000 islands with a wide of different species. It ranks #4 in terms of bird population and also has about 25000 flowering plants. Talking about fauna diversity, it is home to about 12% of the total mammals in the world. Further, Indonesia is the only country where tigers, elephants, rhinos, orangutans reside in the same forest.
China contributes to 14% of the total animal count and 10% of the total plan count on the planet. From the Gobi desert to other tropical rainforests, the country does exceptionally well when it comes to biodiversity. Over 6,000 species of vertebrates reside here including more than 3,000 fish species and over 1,000 bird species. Some of the distinguished animal and bird species found here are golden monkey, Chinese alligator, and giant panda.
Mexico: A More Diverse Eco-System
Mexico stands out when it comes to the animal as well as plant count. The reason for this can be attributed to its large mountain habitats, forests, and deserts. The country has more than 200,000 varied species. It ranks #1 when it comes to reptile count, #2 for its mammal count, and #4 in terms of flora and amphibians. Further, the country has several protected natural areas including 64 national parks, 34 reserve biospheres, and 26 regions of protected flora & fauna and 17 sanctuaries.
The varied geography of Peru makes it one of the megadiverse countries in the world. The country is home to more than 1,800 species of birds, thus making it the second most rich just after Colombia. Besides this, it boasts more than 300 species of reptiles along with 500 species of mammals. Rare species of mammals & birds include pink river dolphins, jaguar, puma, hummingbirds, boobies, parakeets, and harpy eagles, to name a few.