The components of the ecosystem are many and varied. They come in different forms like microbial, biota, Eukaryota, prokaryotic, andacteria. It is made of living organisms and their respective physiochemical environments. It also consists of two main components: animals or microorganisms and protozoa.
All the components play a vital role in the earth’s ecosystem. The living and the non-living parts together form an ecosystem. It is a self-sustaining system that depends on the balance of both components. The components of the ecosystem are important for the normal functioning of all ecosystems. However, there are few exceptions to this rule.
Components Of Ecosystem
The components of the ecosystem can be categorized into two broad categories: those which belong to the Eukaryota or phytoplanktons and those which belong to the metacarpal. The Eukaryota or the phytoplanktons include all the organisms present in Protozoans and Colds. These are inorganic in nature. The metacarpal organisms are those that belong to the Kingdom Protista. They consist of an exoskeleton, a nerve center, and an organ called the metapleural.
Most of the components of ecosystems are inorganic in nature. The reason for this is that they cannot be taken care of by the living things. Most of them need a support system to survive. The support system is provided by the eukaryotic bacteria. The eukaryotic bacteria are present in diverse forms, including starches, mucus, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and enzymes.
The components of stable ecosystems must have the ability to tolerate change. This means that they should be able to change their position and movement and adapt to the conditions that exist in the niche where they reside. This ability to flex and evolve is facilitated by the presence of nitrogen-fixing and oxygen-requiring bacteria. These bacteria are called Nitrobacteria, which are found in the oceans, lakes, rivers, ponds, and streams. They can fix nitrogen and remove oxygen from water.
The components of anoxygenic, nitrous, and aerobic ecosystems have the capacity to fix nitrites and nitrates in the soil. They are also capable of fixing sulfur compounds. When nitrate-rich soil is watered down with nitrate-free soil, the nitrobacteria excrete nitrite and nitrate. When the soil is returned to its normal state, nitrate-free plants will flourish and the soil will contain enough nitrobacteria for the nitrification cycle to occur. This is a self-regulating cycle that ensures the components of anoxygenic, nitrous, and aerobic ecosystems exist in balance.
These components of anoxygenic, nitrous, and aerobic ecosystems need to meet specific needs to sustain themselves and make them function well. Every ecosystem has specific needs to survive. In a very basic sense, every ecosystem needs carbon to create energy, nitrate to produce nitrite, and phosphorus to fix nitrogen. Earthworms are the producers of these elements in most soils. The plants absorb carbon dioxide from the air and use it to fix nitrogen, while the animal species excrete oxygen and consume carbon dioxide to generate fuel.
The components of anoxygenic, nitrous, and aerobic ecosystems require two vital components to keep them sustainable: sunlight and carbon dioxide. However, if any of these components do not receive the correct amounts of these elements, they will be deleted and the ecosystem will die. The presence of at least two vital components is necessary for anoxygens, nitrifying bacteria, and respiration to occur. Earthworms alone are the primary producers of these components in an oxygen-rich environment.
A Much Ado
Photosynthesis, the reproduction process used by plants and animals to produce food and other materials, is carried out in an oxygen-rich environment. Earthworms alone are capable of photosynthesis and they form a major part of the plant world. However, creatures such as algae and bacteria are necessary as food sources for animals. The plants themselves will often secrete chemicals such as sugars and starches, which are the sources of carbon and nitrogen.
Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are the three fundamental chemical components of most soils and play a crucial role in how ecosystems function. Nitrogen, the most plentiful element, is important for the health and growth of plant and animal life. Earthworms alone cannot produce all of the nitrogen that is required for an ecosystem. Plants take up nitrogen by eating plants or animal foods, which contain the other two essential chemical ingredients, while microorganisms excrete nitrogen from waste and use it to form nitrites.
Biological decomposers, such as bacteria and Archaea, are other important components of the earth’s bio-system. They break down organic matter to form carbon dioxide, sulfur, and water, the three key elements in the production of methane, a natural gas that is a leading contributor to climate change. Besides these decomposers, there are other producers, such as algae, in the food chain. These producers are responsible for creating new life forms, as well as preventing the decomposition of matter already in the environment. So, understanding these three components of an ecosystem is crucial to ecological management, preservation, and restoration efforts.