Plastic Pollution And All The Harmful Effects You Should Know

About Plastic Pollution

There are different types of pollution taking over the planet. Plastic pollution is the collection of used plastic that crosses a limit and acts as a burden for disposal. The unwanted piling of plastic on Earth that can be either used or unused result in plastic pollution. It can be plastic bottles, bags, baskets, and so on. Due to plastic’s chemical nature, it is difficult to get rid of it as it contributes to adverse effects on the environment.

Types Of Plastic Debris

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Plastic is an undestroyable material with consequences leading to hazards in different areas. The debris found everywhere is the pollution categorized into two types depending on the plastic material’s width. These include:

Micro Debris – Plastic pieces that range in between the size of 2mm and 5mm are Micro Debris. Large pieces of plastic can break down into smaller ones, ultimately adding to the Micro Debris.

Macro Debris- When the size of plastic is more than 20mm, they come under Macro Debris. Grocery plastic bags, fishing nets are examples of Macro Debris forms of plastic and weigh a lot.

Any form of pollution causes dangerous effects on the environment. But, plastic pollution is everlasting and ever-growing in terms of disposal.

Effects Of Plastic Pollution

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Plastic pollution automatically causes an impact on all other factors that contribute to the Earth’s atmosphere. These include air, water, and land. Due to plastic’s non-decomposable nature, scientists and researchers are finding an eco-friendly way to reduce the after-effects of decomposing plastic.

The killer factor of plastic consumption is its disposable feature. People throw it in the garbage or, in the worst-case scenario, they trash the land and water bodies with it. So, improper plastic collection leads it to either get consumed by the soil or in water bodies.

This activity causes an impact on the livelihood of underground and underwater organisms. The marine animals get trapped in pieces of plastic often and sometimes lose their lives.

When people burn plastic, it emits dangerous gases that are not healthy for microorganisms and other animals. In turn, it releases UV gases that are harmful to the environment as it is responsible for the increase in the ozone layer.

Measures Against Plastic Pollution

Governments of different countries have realized the dangerous impact of plastic accumulation and now implement strict rules prohibiting plastic manufacturing and usage.

The alternatives proposed for the same are paper bags and reusable cloth bags. These are eco-friendly and do not contribute to any pollution in the environment.

Countries now emphasize the principle of 3R’s, that is, reduce, reuse, recycle. Reducing the amount of wastage and reusing the alternative plastic and paper packaging makes it easy to recycle those materials without harming the atmosphere.


Plastic pollution contributes to various alarming factors that are prone to destroy natural harmony on the globe. Understanding the types, effects, and alternatives can help overcome or control this global issue. Implementing 3R’s as soon as possible is capable of reducing the future risk of rising temperatures due to plastic. Therefore, addressing this global concern is every individual’s responsibility.

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