Now and then we get to know about how global warming is disturbing the entire planet’s ecosystem. But how much do we actually know about the ecosystem and its parts? There are various components of the ecosystem that we need to know about to make it easier for us to maintain a balance. When you are surrounded by nature, think about all the beautiful forms that it has given and how you can categorize the same. There are two parts of the ecosystem: the living and the nonliving, but you also need to know about the subcategories as well.
In order to know about the parts of the ecosystem, you need to study ecology, which is also known as environmental biology. It is a complex set of studies between the relationship among the living organisms. It talks about the various aspects of the earth like ecological pollution and extinction.
Biotic Components Of The Ecosystem-Parts Of An Ecosystem
The living organisms come under the biotic part of the ecosystem, and it will also incorporate fungi and bacteria. You can classify them further based on their energy source, and there are three categories known as the producers, consumers, and decomposers.
- Producers- all the plants in the ecosystem are known as producers, and they generate their own source of energy with the help of chlorophyll and photosynthesis. Did not only make food for themselves but also for the other organisms of the environment.
- Consumers- among the consumers also you can categorize into herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores. Herbivores are the animals that eat only plants, and carnivores consume other animals as their source of energy. Omnivores are animals who eat both plants and animals as a significant source of energy, for example, humans.
- Decomposers- after a plant or animal dies, it is the work of the fungi or bacteria to decompose them and return the nutrients back to the there are organisms known as the saprophytes who do the work of recycling nutrients so that the plants can use them again to feed.
Abiotic Components-Parts Of An Ecosystem
All the physical and chemical factors of the environment are known as the abiotic components and are essential for all living organisms. For example, nutrients, light soil, and air are the primary form of abiotic components that you can find in an entire ecosystem. But the abiotic factors will change from one ecosystem to another. For example, the aquatic ecosystem will have different components as compared to the terrestrial ecosystem. If you want to know more, you need to find out the biogeochemical cycle and do detailed research on the same.
Overall, an ecosystem is a method of interaction between the biotic and abiotic components, and they are mutually complementary. All the ingredients are connected with each other, and even if there is the slightest change, there will be a disbalance. It will adversely affect the ecosystem, and more than one kind of living organism may die because of the same.